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About Queensland

About Queensland

Most would not imagine Australia a tropical paradise but they would be wrong. Aside from the amazing beaches and beautiful reefs, Queensland has so much more to offer, among them are world heritage listed rainforests, refreshing swimholes, island retreats and more!



At A Glance

Queensland is the second largest state in Australia. It is situated at the north-east of the continent and bordered by the Coral Sea and the Pacific Ocean. Because of its tropical weather, beautiful beaches and long sunlight hours, Queensland is also known as the “Sunshine State”, attracting thousands of visitors each year.

Queensland is home to numerous fantastic attractions and World Heritage sites ranging from mountain tops to oceans deep. The Great Barrier Reef, a dazzling natural wonder of the world, calls Queensland its home. Many consider the Great Barrier Reef a paradise for snorkelers and divers that desire to explore the breathtaking colourful coral reef and diverse marine life. The Gold Coast is one of the most spectacular beach in Australia, featuring high-rise buildings and resorts right next to the sandy beach and great Pacific Ocean. The great waves, glittering sand and illustrious sunlight here has attracted surfers from all around the world. Furthermore, the first-rate resorts, hotels and casinos here can provide visitors with unparalleled level of nightlife.

Mainly fueled by tourism, Queensland has extensive networks of transportation infrastructures. Visitors can take a scenic train ride while exploring the tropical rainforests and take a ferry across the stunning blue waters to visit beautiful islands. There are eleven distinct tourist regions in Queensland with distinct attractions and very friendly people, featuring tropical rainforests, modern cities, amazing beaches and wonderful reefs.

 

 

 


History

The area that encompasses the present state of Queensland was part of the New South Wales colony. The area around Brisbane has been settled by indigenous people frequently according to archaeological findings. At the time of discovery, the area around Brisbane was inhabited by the Jagera people. The area now known as Brisbane was scouted by Matthew Flinders in 1799. In 1823, a permanent penal settlement in the region was commissioned by New South Wales Governor Thomas Brisbane to send away convicts in Sydney. The area was explored by several explorers to look for a suitable settlement. Surveyor General John Oxley surveyed the area near the Brisbane River and founded a colony in 1824 to house these convicts, which would eventually grow to become present day Brisbane.

The name Brisbane itself was derived from the name of the Governor of New South Wales, Thomas Brisbane. Several interesting development has occured after the settlement is built, in 1839, the penal settlement is closed due to the cease in convict transportation; then in 1842, free settlement was allowed in Brisbane and ships of immigrants began to arrive. The state of Queensland itself separated from the colony of New South Wales in 1851 with Brisbane as the capital city of the state. The name Queensland is a tribute to the monarch at the time, Queen Victoria.

 


Economy

Along with Western Australia, Queensland is hailed as the "resource states" of Australia. The economy of Queensland is mainly dependent on the exports of resources, mainly relating to mining and agriculture. Historically, many places in Queensland were founded upon agricultural origins and their legacy remains. According to statistics, Queensland produces more than 90% the total raw sugar production in the country. Queensland is also rich with natural resource deposits with minerals such as coal and bauxite. Last but not least, tourism plays a huge role in the economy of Queensland as millions of people flock to the Sunshine State each year for their holiday. This is not surprising as Queensland hosts some of the best natural wonder of the world such as the Daintree Rainforest and the Great Barrier Reef. Queensland is also a great place to do business as it is rated AA+ by credit rating bureaus.

 


Currency & Tipping

Queensland uses the Australian Dollar. The Australian Dollar is a floating currency, meaning that the value of a dollar floats with the market condition. The Australian Currency comes in denominations of $5, $10, $20, $50 and $100 on polymer notes and 5c, 10c, 20c, 50c, $1 and $2 on minted coins. There are ATM machines available at all times usually located at most shopping centres and outside bank outlets. The banks opening time in Queensland are generally from 9:30am - 4:00pm with the exception on Friday where they open till 5:00pm.

Foreign exchange services will be available at most city banks, major hotels, the airport and foreign currency exchanges dotted around the towns.

Tipping is not necessary in Queensland and most of Australia and most major credit cards can be used for transactions throughout Queensland.

 


Employment

The economy of Queensland was one of the fastest growing, outperforming the wider Australian economy for most years in the last decade. However, the state was hit hard by the Global Financial Crisis in 2008, which slowed down its growth as tourism declined and major mining projects cancelled. The economy recovered eventually in recent years. The main industries here are the mining, agricultural and tourism industry. There will be work opportunities for skilled migrants for these sectors. In addition, a skill shortage list will be available from the Department of Employment of Australia for each state. For the moment, there are shortages of skilled workers in some sectors of the economy, mostly in regional areas.


Useful Facts

Tick  Area: 1 850 000 sq/km

Tick  Population: 4 900 000

Tick  Faunal Emblem: Koala

Tick  Bird Emblem: Brolga

Tick  Floral Emblem: Cooktown orchid

Tick  Timezone: +10 hours GMT

Tick  Telephone Area Code: +61 (Country) 7 (State)

 


Interesting Facts

Tick  Queensland is home to five of eleven World Natural Heritage areas in Australia: Scenic Rim National Parks, Fraser Island, Riversleigh Fossil Fields, the Wet Tropics and the Great Barrier Reef.

Tick  The longest fence in the world, twice the length of the Great Wall of China, the dingo fence stretches from South Australia to Queensland.

Tick  The Queensland Coat of Arms features the native Brolga (which is also the bird emblem of the state) and the red deer (which ironically, was declared a pest in the state).

Tick  The Great Barrier Reef is the biggest living thing on earth and is considered a Wonder of the Natural World.

Tick  The state is nicknamed the Sunshine State due to the amount of sunshine it receives throughout the year.

Tick  Several Mystery Craters dated to be about 25 millions years old are found near Bundaberg in Queensland.

Tick  Queensland is about five times the size of Japan.

Tick  The Fraser Island is the world's largest sand island.

Tick  The long running show in the world took place in The Tjapukai Dance Theatre in Queensland, running for 9 years with over 7000 performances.

Tick  The popular bush ballad Waltzing Matilda was written by Banjo Patterson in the town of Winton.