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Cairns

Cairns Queensland

The essential gateway to Northern Tropical Queensland, Cairns is a town specialising in tourism with a relaxing atmosphere.


At a Glance

Cairns is considered one of the most popular attraction in Queensland. Located in the tropical part of Queensland, Cairns has a lovely tropical climate that is very satisfying for outdoor activities such as walking around the pristine lagoon and numerous boardwalks, swimming in the sea, lounging around the beach and visiting the two World Heritage sites in the region: The Great Barrier Reef and the Wet Tropics Rainforest.

Being in the tropical belt, delicious tropical fruits such as mangoes, bananas, coconuts and the exotic dragon fruit can be grown in the region. Cairns also have access to quality seafood due to the proximity to the sea. So take a break after a long day outside and enjoy a good dinner at the many brilliant restaurants.


Cairns
 
 


 

Where is Cairns?

 

Cairns is 1701 kilometres northwest of Brisbane.

Cairns is located at the eastern side of the Cape York Peninsula in Tropical North Queensland at the mouth of the Chinaman Creek. Cairns is facing northeast at the Pacific Ocean and is flanked by rainforests. The best way to get to Cairns is via a plane to the Cairns Airport.


 

Things to see in Cairns

 

The Great Barrier Reef

Snorkelling is conducted directly from the beach in the sand cay's protected shallow waters providing the ideal environment for all ages and young families who want to experience this activity together. If you prefer a more relaxing day, laze on the beach or soak up the tropical atmosphere under the boats sails and enjoy a leisurely day on the Great Barrier Reef.

The Great Barrier Reef

Image Courtesy Tourism And Events Queensland

 

Cairns Botanic Garden

The gardens are free and are beautiful. Many unique plants and flowers of many colours, shapes and heights. They have a number of different gardens to explore with different themes such as the Chinese memorial garden and the prehistoric and bamboo gardens. They have paths throughout and are well signed. Easy activity to do, mainly flat walks, plenty of birds and fish to look at as well. Absolutely beautiful and nice thing to do.

Cairns Botanic Garden

Image Courtesy Tourism And Events Queensland

 

Esplanade Lagoon

It was a lovely experience to walk along the Boardwalk, seeing people enjoying themselves in all the restaurants and cafes. There were also lovely boats to look at. One could just walk forever. Stunning views all around. What a treat to visit this spot in Cairns. Great outdoor experience. Even show rugby on the big screen in the park. Also, Esplanade Boardwalk is very close to eateries and the markets too.

Esplanade Lagoon

Image Courtesy Tourism And Events Queensland

 

Kuranda Rainforest Tour

Kuranda is a picturesque little village hidden in the rainforest of Tropical North Queensland and is accessible on a daily basis by Queensland Rail's 'Kuranda Heritage Train' and 'Skyrail.'. The Queensland Rail 'Heritage Train' journey takes 1 ½ to complete and has full commentary on the history of the region and the railway with a souvenir booklet included. The train route winds along the Kuranda Range and takes in the spectacular scenery of The Barron Falls. A great option for those passengers with their own car, self drive to the Smithfield Skyrail terminal and park your car. Board Skyrail Rainforest Cableway for your journey to Kuranda, where you will enjoy free time. At your allocated time, board the Kuranda Scenic Rail to Freshwater Station where we will collect you for your transfer back to the Smithfield Skyrail terminal where your car is waiting.

Kuranda Rainforest Tour

Image Courtesy Tourism And Events Queensland

 

 
 

What's the weather like?

 

Cairns features a tropical monsoon climate with a hot, humid and wet summer and a mild, dry winter. Heavy monsoon downpours up to 1500mm can be expected during wet season.In Summer (December to February), the average maximum temperature is 31°C with an average minimum of 24°C. In Winter (June to August), the average maximum temperature is 26°C with an average minimum of 17°C.

 

Get to know Cairns's history

 

The first European to visit the area near present day Cairns was James Cook, who mapped and named the area Trinity Bay in 1770. Prior to European contact, the area was inhabited by the Gimuy Walubara Yidinji people. After a hundred year, prospects of gold mining in the area warranted consideration of establishing a coastal settlement to export the minerals. After some surveyance, the site of Cairns was chosen to be the site of settlement and a new port is proclaimed in 1876 by William Wellington Cairns, the governor of Queensland.

The initial growth of the city was slow but it attained the status of a town in 1903 and that of a city in 1923. Cairns suffered during the two World Wars as a result from shortages in goods and labour, it was also hit with a devastating cyclone in 1927. Many of the residents left Cairns in WWII after the fall of Singapore made Cairns vulnerable to Japanese attacks. The town recovered post WWII as it made efforts in attracting visitors by improving tourist facilities and increased publicity. Queen Elizabeth’s visit to Cairns in 1954 helped garner attention and awareness to the area as twice the population of the town visited Cairns to attend to the occasion.

Cairns went through a series of growth and modernisation in the 1980s which see Cairns develop into what it is today.